DESCRIPTION: The eastern massasauga (Sistrurus c. catenatus) is a small to medium sized rattlesnake, with adults typically reaching lengths of approxi-mately 18 to 30 inches. Copyright © 2021 Matthaei Botanical Gardens & Nichols Arboretum.Privacy. You can also visit the Michigan DNR website for more information. In a project managed by the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® (SSP) and Lincoln Park Zoo, more than 20 zoos, the Edward Lowe Foundation, Northern Illinois University, and several wildlife agencies are studying a healthy massasauga population in Michigan. It also has a rattle on its tail. Throughout its range, biologists have confirmed that less than half of the eastern massasauga’s historical populations still exist. In Michigan, you will hear “Michigan Rattler” or “Swamp Rattler” quite often. While Michigan and other Great Lakes states are considered a stronghold for the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, the snake is still a rare sight for visitors to the Botanical Gardens. The massasauga (eastern massasauga rattlesnake, Cistrurus catenatus) is Michigan’s only venomous snake. The Service is working with the states of Michigan and Illinois to monitor and survey this proposed threatened species. The massasauga is a shy, timid snake that will usually flee if disturbed. Fish and Wildlife Service protects the eastern massasauga rattlesnake under the Endangered Species Act. 732 likes. Home; About Us; Events; Links; Send us your ideas; Tag Archives: Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Post navigation. Characteristics of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake. Michigan has the largest population of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes in the country, despite the population declining. Try to move as little as possible because venom spreads more rapidly if you walk fast or run. Most common bites tend to be at the boot top level when someone steps on or over the snake, because it can't strike very high above ground. There have been 150 site reports in 5 counties over the last decade. Michigan DNR Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake 60-Second Snakes Video; Life History & Michigan History. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a unique and fascinating part of Michigan's natural heritage. In summer they migrate to drier upland sites. The sightings tend to be in clusters, including in Oakland, Livingston, Jackson and Washtenaw counties. Reply. When hiking and exploring the grounds at Matthaei, use caution. Michigan Web Design by Boxcar Studio, The Virtual Bard: Shakespeare in the Arb Online, Michigan DNR website for more information, brief, helpful presentation on the massasauga. As with all wild animals, give the massasauga distance and respect. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake SSP. Endangered Species Act (Act). Matthaei-Nichols also offers a brief, helpful presentation on the massasauga. The massasauga’s habitats include fens, wet meadows, and floodplain forests during the spring, fall, and winter. Keep children at a safe distance and pets on a leash. The snake is usually found in or near wetland habitats in the state. Department of Natural Resources - Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Browsers that can not handle javascript will not be able to access some features of this site. Newer posts → More on Lake Erie’s algae blooms, the Toledo water crisis and looming urban sprawl: this week in environmental news. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes … The eastern massasauga rattlesnake, Michigan's lone venomous viper, is the scariest snake you've probably never seen — except in pictures, perhaps. The Eastern Massasauga Rattelesnake is the only venomous snake of the 18 species of snake that reside in the state. The Botanical Gardens has a model of the snake at its front desk and information about the snake in its visitors guide. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed. Sistrurus catenatus catenatus Juvenile from southeast Michigan. Michigan, a state in the Great Lakes and home to some very dangerous animals. The status in Michigan is 'special concern'. Range: The eastern massasauga’s range extends from southern Ontario and western New York west through Michigan and southern Wisconsin to southeastern Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Best Survey Period. Search. Michigan Farmer and State Journal of Agriculture - Household Supplement; Michigan Potato Research Reports Collection; Michigan Tradesman Collection; Midwest Chicano Latino Activism Collection; Radicalism Posters Collection; Red Cedar Review; Shaping the Values of Youth; Turfgrass Information Center Resource Archive ; Australian Turfgrass Management Journal; Connecticut Clippings; Dr. … Do not handle the snake or pose with the massasauga for photo opp. Natural areas may contain unstable surfaces, rattlesnakes, poisonous plants, and stinging insects. If you are bitten, stay calm and seek medical attention as quickly as possible. Its body is gray or grayish-brown with dark blotches edged in white with spots down the back and sides. UM Board of Regents. Protecting Michigan's Natural Heritage Since 1952. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake is a keystone species and fits into nature like a puzzle piece. Adult massasauga snakes are usually 18.5 inches - 30 inches long, but the record, according to MSU, is 39.5 inches. Our goal is to document their distribution and help measure changes or … Up to half of all bites are “dry,” with no venom occurring. There are several lookalike snakes in Michigan, including the Eastern Milk Snake, the Eastern Fox Snake, the Eastern Hog Nose Snake and the Northern Water Snake. Historically, they could be found in a variety of wetlands and nearby upland woods throughout the lower peninsula. The massasauga is a shy, timid snake that will usually flee if disturbed. Published on May 20, 2015 The Michigan DNR’s 60-Second Snakes video series talks about identification tips and information about Michigan’s snake species. Stay on the lawns and trails. U.S. Geological Survey, Porter, IN, for National Park Service Great Lakes Inventory and Monitoring Network Report GLKN/2005/02. To address this gap in our knowledge, I conducted a study to assess hibernation site selection and overwintering ecology of the Eastern Massasauga in northern Michigan. 736 likes. But the U.S. It is Michigan's only venomous snake, and one of only two rattlesnake species that occur in the Great Lakes region. Some functions of this site are disabled for browsers blocking jQuery. EMR is state listed as “species of special concern” (Michigan DNR 2015). While Michigan and other Great Lakes states are considered a stronghold for the Eastern Massasauga rattlesnake, the snake is still a rare sight for visitors to the Botanical Gardens. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® is a collaborative science-based management program of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. Size of Eastern Massasauga: The adults in these species usually attain the size between 18 – 30 inches. This was an Eastern massasauga rattlesnake, according to the Michigan Department of Natural Resources. The Botanical Gardens serves as natural habitat for the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. The general appearance of the eastern massasauga can vary, with some indi-viduals having brown blotches on a gray background and others being almost completely black in color. - Michigan has been described as its last stronghold (Szyman; Lee ski 1998and Legge 2000). Michigan is the last stronghold for the eastern massasauga rattlesnake. Michigan is one of the few places where Eastern Massasauga rattlesnakes seem to be doing reasonably well, though populations are declining here as well. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake, sometimes called the Michigan Rattlesnake, Prairie Massasauga, or Swamp Massasauga, is one of several Michigan-native snakes, but is Michigan’s only venomous snake. 2005. There have been no reported fatalities from massasauga bites in more than 50 years. If you do see one, please report the sighting to the front desk at Matthaei or fill out an observation report on the DNR’s website. They prefer to avoid contact with humans. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is a declining species which appears to have highly specific but poorly understood hibernation requirements. The eastern massasauga, a reclusive rattlesnake, was once considered common throughout its range but its populations have severely declined. Eastern Massasauga Species Guidance 2 PUB-ER-713 (last updated May 7, 2019) catenatus tergeminus, and the desert massasauga; Sistrurus catenatus edwardsii) that make up the rest of the massasauga’s range. They prefer to avoid contact with humans. MSU says the tail doesn't always rattle a warning, but it is a distinct segmented rattle. That's more than three feet. Glowacki, G. and R. Grundel. According to MSU, the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes are shy and will avoid humans. It also helps keep rodent and insect populations in check. If it doesn't feel threatened, it will even let you pass without revealing location. Many animals depend on it for food, such as hawks, eagles, herons and foxes). In the USA, this rattlesnake is a candidate species being considered for federal protected status. Fish and Wildlife Service’s Candidate Species List. Do not cut or use ice on the wound, and do not fit a tourniquet on the affected leg or arm. The eastern massasauga rattlesnake (EMR) is the only freeranging venomous snake in Michigan. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake SSP. Still, it poses little to no threat to humans. The U.S. FWS's Threatened & Endangered Species System track information about listed species in the United States Where do Eastern Massasauga rattlesnakes live … Michigan, the only state in which it is not considered endangered, lists it as "special … What should I do if I see a massasauga? Sign up to receive updates on news and events. The massasauga is the state's only venomous snake and rattlesnake,… The massasauga can also be found in many counties of Michigan’s Lower Peninsula as well as several other states, including Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and parts of Ontario, Canada. There have been 150 site reports in … The Michigan DNR says that the Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (Sistrurus catenatus catenatus) is Michigan’s only venomous snake. Now, we don’t want to put you off visiting Michigan because it’s a great place to jet off to, but in this article we’re going to be telling you about the 7 most dangerous animals in Michigan, so if you do happen to stumble across one, there won’t be any need to look up what it is on Google. The adult massasauga can measure from 2.5 – 3 feet in length. Michigan Natural Features Inventory P.O. Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake in Michigan March 14, 2017 Background The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake (EMR) is listed as a threatened species under the U.S. Posted on August 8, 2014 by Michigan Nature Association. The Act protects the EMR and their habitat by prohibiting “take” and may require agencies to coordinate with the U.S. “Gray Rattlesnake” is a named used in both Iowa and parts of Canada. The snake is listed as threatened because of loss of population throughout its range. Michigan has the largest population of Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnakes in the country, despite the population declining. Lake Michigan Ecological Research Station 1100 N. Mineral Springs Road Porter, IN 46304 January 10, 2005 Great Lakes Network Report GLKN/2005/02 . Diet: Massasaugas are primarily diurnal ambush predators that wait motionless for unsuspecting prey, but some active foraging may occur (Ernst and Ernst 2003). Copyright 2018 Scripps Media, Inc. All rights reserved. Status of the eastern massasauga rattlesnake at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore. The eastern massasauga is a small, thick-bodied rattlesnake that lives in shallow wetlands and adjacent uplands in portions of Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Wisconsin, and Ontario. The Eastern Massasauga Rattlesnake Species Survival Plan® is a collaborative science-based management program of the Association of Zoos and Aquariums. No. Photo by Abbey Kucera/USFWS The eastern massasauga has been declining over the past three decades due to loss and fragmentation of its wetland habitat. Michigan's only venomous snake is a rare sight for most state residents. They can also be spotted in the South-western regions of Ontario, Michigan, Arizona and Northern Tamulipas etc. The Eastern massasauga rattlesnake is Michigan's only venomous snake, according to the state's Department of Natural Resources. The Michigan Herp Atlas began in 2004 in an effort to collect observational data about Michigan's amphibians and reptiles. Main menu. MSU says if you get bit, move away from the snake and wait for help to arrive, or go to the nearest hospital immediately. It is a small- to medium-sized snake, with adult lengths averaging 2 to 3 feet. The massasauga is listed as a “species of special concern” by the Michigan Department of Natural Resources, and is protected by state law. The eastern massasauga is primarily associated with wetland habitats but some populations also utilize adjacent upland habitats for parts of its life history. The eastern massasauga is a small venomous rattlesnake found in the northeastern United States. Populations of this snake have declined so much that it is now necessary to work to conserve it or it could go extinct in the future. The Eastern Massasauga is listed as state Endangered in all Midwest states save Michigan, where it is considered a species of Special Concern.

Photo via Michigan State University

. There are a number of signs posted on the grounds to alert guests to the potential presence of the rattlesnakes. World Snake Day is on Tuesday and we want to tell you about the only venomous snake that is found in Michigan. As a result of the tremendous declines experienced by this species, the Eastern Massasauga has been added to the U.S. Just know when you hear names like this, they are typically referring to the Eastern Massasauga. The massasauga is native to the lower peninsula of Michigan and several other Great Lakes states. The U.S. The eastern massasauga is listed as an endangered species in Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Minnesota, Missouri (also considered extirpated), New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin. To some people, conservation of a venomous snake may seem a waste of money, stupid and even negligent.

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