Reformation Day is celebrated annually on October 31st, the day that Martin Luther famously nailed his 95 Theses to the door of Castle Church at Wittenberg in 1517. List of some of the major causes and effects of the Reformation, the religious revolution that separated the Christians of western Europe into Protestants and Roman Catholics. Prior to his fallout with the catholic church over his marriage, Henry was declared defender of the faith. Some of these went further and sympathized with the growing Protestant movement. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Although people tend to think of the English Reformation as a rather peaceful process, tell that to the peasants of Devon and Cornwall, who were slaughtered in the thousands in the aftermath of a couple of very one-sided battles in 1549. The causes of the English Reformation were: Money - the dissolution of the monasteries and stopping taxation for the Church going to Rome meant more money for the King and government. The English Reformation in 16th Century England was a series of events which the Church of England broke away from the authority of the Pope and Catholic Church. Henry was married in 1509 at age 17 to Catherine of Aragon. The Causes of the English Reformation Henry VIII’s break with Rome was an act of state, promptly primarily by political motives, but many of those who supported Henry were appalled at the abuses rife in the Catholic Church and at the corruption of the Papacy. Before the Reformation began, many English parishes were still vibrant centers of worship – guilds, fraternities and sororities flourished; and much money was voluntarily left for funerals and chantries (i.e. The Reformation began in 1517 when a German monk called Martin Luther protested about the Catholic Church. One of the long-term causes of the Reformation was that many people thought that the Church was not following the Bible. Henry was married in 1509 at age 17 to Catherine of Aragon. 11 and Ch. A few orders – Franciscan Observants, Carthusians, Bridgettine nuns – still maintained high standards, but most were lukewarm at best. Website. The progress of the Reformation in England was closely bound up with Henry's personal affairs. Cardinal Wolsey offered a home-town example of the same patterns of conduct. Major Causes and Effects of the Protestant Reformation There were several causes of the Protestant Reformation that effected society, politics, and religion in Europe during the 16th century. His decision was not based on conscience but on pragmatism. English Reformation 2. Another cause of the Reformation was that the Church was having some major problems at the time, other than many people trying to break away from it. Bellingham WA 98225, COVID-19 Vulnerable Communities Data Tool. There were several causes for the English Reformation. In-text: (Arnold, 1999) Your Bibliography: Arnold, J., 1999. Arthur was a sickly individual and Catherine ever maintained their marriage had never been consummated. Website. The late Medieval Church. This video, produced by Encyclopædia Britannica Educational Corporation, discusses the Reformation and its leader Martin Luther, whose grievances against the Roman Catholic Church produced a chain of events that left a profound impact on religion and politics. What were the causes of the English Reformation? Huldrych Zwingli built a Christian theocracy in Zürich in which church and state joined for the service of God. Some of these went further and sympathized with the growing Protestant movement. Houses were being dissolved in Germany and Scandinavia, which at that time consisted chiefly in land same. 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