But as a rule, only tab a section if it inspired you to write an idea down in your notebook. References, the highlights that I got ideas from and want to extract, Ideas, the thoughts that I had while reading the book. Then mark the idea with the page number you got it from, and leave a sticky tab in the book. You want each of these ideas to be fully formed thoughts that you can reference in a bunch of different areas later.Â. A writer asks “In which circumstances will I want to stumble upon this note?” They will file it under a paper they are writing, a conference they are speaking at, or an ongoing collaboration with a colleague. Our sense of motivation depends on making consistent forward progress. One System. Early in his academic career, Luhmann realized that a note was only as valuable as its. Both were wooden boxes containing paper index cards. I only added the technical aspects. So if each individual step is so easy, why do we find the overall experience of writing so grueling? We encounter a constant stream of new ideas, but only a tiny fraction of them will be useful and relevant to us at any given moment. Principle #1: Writing is not the outcome of thinking; it is the medium in which thinking takes place, For example, you could memorize the fact that arteries are red and veins are blue. If they have a good idea, they write it in whichever notebook is close at hand. Even the best techniques won’t make a difference if they are used in conflicting ways. The most interesting topics are the ones we didn’t plan on learning about. But it is only when you understand why – that arteries carry oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body, while veins carry blood low in oxygen back to the heart – that that fact has any value. The branches created “strands” of thought that one could enter at any point, following it downstream to be elaborated upon or upstream to its source. Oops! This is a problem you can ensure you will never face again if you learn how to take smart notes. Instead of organizing by topic and subtopic, it is much more effective to organize by context. By identifying the principles that stand the test of time despite huge changes in the underlying technology, we can better understand the essential nature of the creative process. They are not meant to capture an idea in full detail, but serve more as reminders of what is in your head. More often than not, new notes would become part of existing strands of thought. In his eponym book, Dr. Sönke Ahrens shares the simple method used by German sociologist Dr Niklas Luhmann to publish more than 70 books and nearly 400 scholarly articles in his lifetime. How to take smart notes with spaced repetition: RemNote is a note-taking tool that was built with the best evidence-based learning strategies in mind. It should not only make it easy to find notes quickly, it should also point out relevant notes when you need them - even if you did not search for them. An undistracted brain and a reliable collection of notes is pretty much all we need. I don’t want to be prescriptive about how note-taking should be done, but … If we have to do this writing anyway, why not use it to build up resources for future publications? You fill your slip-box with notes by following this process: 1) make notes as you read. In the old system, the question is: Under which topic do I store this note? Students in most educational institutions are not encouraged to independently build a network of connections between different kinds of information. The goal of Sönke Ahrens in this book is to relieve our brains from the burden of remembering stuff and keeping track of everything. It suits students and academics in the social sciences and humanities, nonfiction writers and others who are in … That is, use full sentences, disclose your sources, make explicit references, and try to be as precise and brief as possible. For example, if I wanted to write an article in the future on creating urgency, I might not remember that it was a topic in Let My People Go Surfing. This is the work that adds value, and now we have the time to do it more effectively. I only added the technical aspects. . It isn’t very hard to write down notes in the first place. We are so used to the idea that great outcomes require great (and complicated) efforts. These notes build up as a byproduct of the reading we’re already doing anyway. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. If you're on Kindle, you can use the highlight feature to accomplish the same thing. In the new system, the question is: In which context will I want to stumble on it again? You can also do advanced searches and sorts on every note. Thank you to Kathleen Martin, Fadeke Adegbuyi, Norman Chella, Fred Terenas, Maruthi Sandeep Medisetty for their feedback and suggestions on this article. It is only when you have multiple, simultaneous projects and interests that the full potential of an external thinking system is realized. Get. He designed his slip-box as a research database made up of index cards (. ) Since implementing this method, I've been impressed by how effortlessly it allows new ideas to flow. By standardizing and streamlining both the format of our notes and the steps by which we process them, the real work can come to the forefront: thinking, reflecting, writing, discussing, testing, and sharing. Wouldn’t it make sense that such output over so many years would be possible because it was simple and easy, not in spite of it? In this article, I’ll summarize the 10 most important principles for taking “smart” notes according to Ahrens. Don’t simply copy your notes into a manuscript. Due to the simplicity of this program you can create notes with both the keyboard and freehand and organize them in different colors and marked as favorites. Overview notes help to structure your thoughts and can be seen as an in-between step in the development of a manuscript. If they want to make a comment, they write it in the margins. It deliberately puts distance between ourselves and what we’ve written, which is essential for evaluating it objectively. If you want to understand an idea, you have to translate it into your own words. They were awarded funds to find a treatment for cancer. But it is much more important to actually. – its network of associations, relationships, and connections to other information. Deliberate practice is the best way to get better at anything, and in this case, you are deliberately practicing the most fundamental skill of all: thinking. This might still seem like a radical principle. But this book is not written in the usual way. My program of choice used to be ZKN3 … Talk about being prolific! This leaves them with many different kinds of notes in many different places and formats. Our only criterion for what to save is whether it connects to existing ideas and adds to the discussion. The experience of having one piece of data completely change your perspective can be exhilarating. You’ll be more focused, more curious, more rigorous, and more demanding. How does the new information contradict, correct, support, or add to what I already know? I’ve been dabbling in the Zettlekasten’s principles through two sources: Sönke Ahrens’ book How to Take Smart Notes and RadReader Shu Omi’s YouTube channel. So we don’t want to work according to a rigid workflow that is threatened by the unexpected. In other words, instead of filing things away according to where they came from, you file them according to where they’re going. They don’t need to be highly organized, and in fact shouldn’t be. This book is so full of insights that it broke my usual approach to summarizing books. As you develop more notes within a certain idea, you'll be able to start organizing those notes into bigger ideas, or even full deliverables like articles. He developed a simple system based on paper index cards, which he called his “slip-box” (or zettelkasten in German). As you detect holes in your argument, fill them or change the argument. How To Take Smart Notes is a book on note-taking for students, academics, and non-fiction writers. This is the essential difference between organizing like a librarian and organizing like a writer. The problem is that the meaning of something is not always obvious. We are told to “make a plan” upfront and in detail. How to Take Smart Notes is a detailed guide that promotes the Zettelkasten note-taking method created by Niklas Luhmann. The goal of Sönke Ahrens in this book is to relieve our brains from the burden of remembering stuff and keeping track of everything. Translate them into something coherent and embed them into the context of your argument. Ahrens argues convincingly that turning one’s thoughts into writing isn’t just useful for writers but for anyone who wants to improve their thinking and learning in general. The real enemy of independent thinking is not any external authority, but our own inertia. That works fine for a library, but not for a writer. Tagging the idea with its relevant contexts helps, but by moving an idea to its primary context you can better organize it within that context by nesting it under other topics or headings. It is not a perfect application: I've adjusted a few things based on what makes sense to me, so I'd encourage you to read the book as well. Luhmann rejected alphabetical categorization of his notes, along with fixed categories like the Dewey Decimal System. It is by far the most impactful and profound book I’ve ever read on the subject. You can view a full archive of Luhmann’s notes in an online database maintained by the University of Bielefeld. Our choice then is whether we want to feel smarter or become smarter. The purpose of research is to produce public knowledge that can be scrutinized and tested. By saving ideas that aren’t compatible with each other and don’t necessarily support what we already think, we train ourselves to develop subtle theories over time instead of immediately jumping to conclusions. It provides a place where distinct batches of work can be created, worked on, and saved permanently until the next time we are ready to deploy that particular kind of attention. Advice #2: Always use your own words. And polishing a well-conceived rough draft into a final draft is trivial. Ahrens’ approach to note-taking was inspired by the 20th-century German sociologist Niklas Luhmann (1927-1998). It also led to a meaningful topography within the system: Topics that had been extensively explored had long reference numbers, making their length informative on its own. If you've ever looked back at your book highlights and thought to yourself, "why did I highlight this?" By creating notes as a decentralized network instead of a hierarchical tree, Luhmann anticipated hypertext and URLs. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. But everything that we write down and share with someone else counts: notes we share with a friend, homework we submit to a professor, emails we write to our colleagues, and presentations we deliver to clients all count as knowledge made public. Luhmann was a prolific note-taker, writer, and academic. Upon his death, Luhmann’s slip-box contained 90,000 notes. [Source: Marvin Blum]Although it appeared to be just a simple filing system made up of index cards, Luhmann’s slip-box grew to become an equal thinking partner in his work. Ideally, you should start researching long before, so you have weeks and months and even years of rich material to work with as soon as you decide on a topic. By taking notes on a wide variety of sources and in objective formats that exist outside our heads, we practice the skill of seeing what is really there and describing it plainfully and factually. We need to regularly confront our errors, mistakes, and misunderstandings. When you're reading a book, have something you can physically take notes on with you at all times. With typing, it's easier to just re-type what you're reading (or worse, copy & paste), and not capture the whole context of the idea. They deal in “scraps” which can often be repurposed and reused elsewhere. writing is the only thing that matters. We look in our notes and follow our interests, curiosity, and intuition, which are informed by the actual work of reading, thinking, discussing, and taking notes. You have to immerse yourself in research before you even know how to formulate a good question. It's a collection of fascinating finds from my week, usually about psychology, technology, health, philosophy, and whatever else catches my interest. They aren’t taught how to organize the very best and most relevant knowledge they encounter in a long-term way across many topics. It is written using an external thinking system, which I call a Second Brain. It promises to help readers adopt “a … it was simple and easy, not in spite of it? It requires elaboration – we need to copy, translate, re-write, compare, contrast, and describe a new idea in our own terms. If and when needed, another special kind of note you can create is an “overview” note. Verbatim notes can be taken with almost no thinking, as if the words are taking a short cut from the ear to the hand, bypassing the brain. This step starts with looking through the first two kinds of notes that you’ve created: fleeting notes and literature notes. Proofreading requires very focused, detail-oriented attention, while choosing which words to put down in the first place might require a more open, free-floating attention. The goal is not just to. For the Ideas, I'll re-type them from my notebook and expand on them to make them into coherent thoughts. They externalize a memory into an elaboration, provide a way to write out our thinking, and act like a first draft in our eventual creation. When you have to write your notes by hand, you'll be a bit more thoughtful with them and be forced to put things in your own words. The evidence is clear: Instead of squeezing as many pages as possible out of one idea, How To Take Smart Notes squeezes as many ideas as possible onto every page. But we can anticipate that fact and set our future selves up for a high probability of productive “accidents.”. Now that we understand what Smart Notes are, let’s take a look at how to do this in Roam Research. Instead of coming up with a topic or thesis upfront, you can just look into your slip-box and look for what is most interesting. A “smart note” or as I like to call it, an “Insight Note,” is a hard effort to take information and translate it into a precise and meaningful expression. If they see a nice sentence, they underline it. We have to view the idea from multiple perspectives and answer questions such as “How does this fact fit with others I already know?” and “How can this phenomenon be explained by that theory?” or “How does this argument compare to that one?”. The primary question when deciding where to put something becomes “In which context will I want to stumble upon this again?”, In other words, instead of filing things away according to where they came from, you file them according to where they’re going. It’s no wonder that nearly every guide to writing begins with “brainstorming.” If you don’t have notes, you have no other option. This just makes sure that once I move it, I'll know where it originally came from. Alles lässt sich durch den Fachanwender selbst umsetzen. You’ll already have done that work for them. How can I combine ideas to generate something new? Rarely would a note stay in isolation. Every additional technique becomes its own project without bringing the whole much further forward. But how can you decide on an interesting topic before you’ve read about it? As you go through them, think about how they relate to your research, current thinking, or interests. Here I'll share how I'm applying the Smart Notes system in my own work, through my interpretation and adaptation of the method Ahrens lays out in the book. When you finally arrive at the decision of what to write about, you’ll already have made that decision again and again at every single step along the way. It doesn’t just enhance your writing process; it makes it possible. But in creative work, questions change and new directions emerge. Not a member? It suits students and academics in the social sciences and humanities, nonfiction writers and others who are in … It is not an indulgence. A workflow is similar to a chemical reaction: It can feed on itself, becoming a virtuous cycle where the positive experience of understanding a text motivates us to take on the next task, which helps us get better at what we’re doing, which in return makes it more likely for us to enjoy our work, and so on. Every paragraph has a point, and I struggled to leave anything out of this summary. I wrote Org-roam because Org-mode simply didn’t have the utilities to enable the kind of note-taking workflow I wanted. Since reading How to Take Smart Notes I've been adopting the Zettlekasten method in my own reading, and I can see how it's improving on an already strong note-taking process. It is the system in which all the techniques are linked together. This is the tension at the heart of the creative process: You have to research before you pick what you will write about. The Take Smart Notes principle is based on established psychological insight and draws from a tried and tested note-taking-technique. Instead, you’ll try to learn the basics as efficiently as possible so you can get to the point where open questions arise, as these are the only questions worth writing about. It is only when all the work becomes part of an integrated process that it becomes more than the sum of its parts. All you need to do to turn your ideas into new articles or other works is start organizing and expanding on them. These are concrete, near-term deliverables and not abstract categories. We build up an ever-growing pool of externalized thoughts as we read. It promises to help readers adopt “a reliable and simple external structure to think in that compensates for the limitations of our brains.” By adopting such a system, Ahrens promises that we will be able to “efficiently turn our thoughts and discoveries into convincing written pieces and build up a treasure of smart and interconnected notes along the way.”. Each of the above methods is a way of creating an internal pathway through your slip-box. Download this app from Microsoft Store for Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8.1, Windows Phone 8. Luhmann was a prolific writer and he gave all the credit of his new ideas to his 'idea-box'. The classic mistake is to organize them into ever more specific topics and subtopics. When you truly understand something, it is anchored to a latticework of related ideas and meanings, which makes it far easier to remember. And once we make this meaningful connection between ideas, it’s hard not to remember it. These principles go a long way toward reestablishing the boundaries and constraints that creativity needs to thrive. Then consider joining the 25,000 other people getting the Monday Medley newsletter. We need a. Be extremely selective in what you decide to keep, Keep the overall note as short as possible, Use your own words, instead of copying quotes verbatim, Write down the bibliographic details on the source, As you go through them, think about how they relate to your research, current thinking, or interests. As you detect holes in your argument, fill them or change the argument. How to Take Smart Notes: One Simple Technique to Boost Writing, Learning and Thinking – for Students, Academics and Nonfiction Book Writers. No pile of notes filed uniformly under “psychology” will be easy to turn into a paper. I'm currently using two notebooks for this: a large Moleskine I carry with my laptop to use 90% of the time, and a small Field Notes notebook I keep in my pocket for notes on the go. The source for the method summary is Sönke Ahrens’ book How to Take Smart Notes. In other words, when we have a choice about what to work on and when, it doesn’t take as much willpower to do it. The real enemy of independent thinking is not any external authority, but our own inertia. This is the first comprehensive guide and description of this system in English, and not only does it explain how it works, but also why. Not only did this create a system that could extend infinitely in any direction, but it also gave each index card a permanent ID number. Now that you’ve been collecting notes on your reading, how should you organize them? it teaches you how to take smart notes and ensure they bring you and your projects forward. It happens mainly within the slip-box” (Luhmann, Baecker, and Stanitzek 1987, 142). By saving all the byproducts of our writing, we collect all the future material we might need in one place. When I discovered this book — How to take Smart Notes by Sönke Ahrens — I didn’t expect it would have anything to do with this, but it ended up giving me an insight into the learning and writing process of academics. And the decision to read about one subject versus another also doesn’t appear out of thin air. Ahrens is a Lecturer in Philosophy of Education at the University of Duisburg-Essen … He described his system as his secondary memory (zweitgedächtnis), alter ego, or reading memory (lesegedächtnis). Your submission has been received! The branches created “strands” of thought that one could enter at any point, following it downstream to be elaborated upon or upstream to its source. This is why we must spend as much time as possible working on things we find interesting. Spending a little extra time to record the best ideas you encounter – whether or not you know how they will ultimately be used – vastly increases the chances that you will “stumble upon” them in the future. Over his 30-year career, Luhmann published 58 books and hundreds of articles on the way to completing his two-volume masterwork. Ahrens recommends doing this about once a day, before you completely forget what they contain. He designed his slip-box as a research database made up of index cards (zettel) that were “thematically unlimited” and could be infinitely extended in any direction. This is why an external system to record your research is so critical. Writing then is best seen not only as a tool for thinking but as a tool for personal growth. You’ll naturally seek venues to present your work, since the feedback you receive will propel your thinking forward like nothing else. The same principle applies to the steps of processing our notes. The primary question when deciding where to put something becomes “In which context will I want to stumble upon this again?”. These themes are not selected a priori; they emerge. That is the nature of insight. I also thought you have to visualize everything to generate new ideas. Here are a few questions to ask yourself as you turn fleeting and literature notes into permanent notes: As answers to these questions come to mind, write down each new idea, comment, or thought on its own note. Also, this method works best in my new favorite tool Roam, so if you haven't started using it I'd encourage reading my article on Roam or checking out my course on it. And once it is, what the author meant doesn’t matter – only the actual words written on the page matter. Smart notes are learning, thinking, and creating rolled into one. It doesn’t just enhance your writing process; it makes it possible. Take Smart Notes . I especially avoided “how-to” style books on the subject. But because they haven’t acted on this fact, they can’t track ideas back to their origins. When looking for interesting connections between notes, we often need to be in a playful, curious state of mind, whereas when putting them in logical order, our state of mind probably needs to be more serious and precise. If I falter for a moment, I put the matter aside and do something else” (Luhmann et al., 1987, 154f). Luhmann wrote down interesting or potentially useful ideas he encountered in his reading on uniformly sized index cards, He wrote only on one side of each card to eliminate the need to flip them over, and he limited himself to one idea per card so they could be referenced individually, Each new index card received a sequential number, starting at 1. The discarded byproducts from one piece of writing may become the essential pillars of the next one. A book about personal finance might interest me for completely different reasons if I am a politician working on a campaign speech, a financial advisor trying to help a client, or an economist developing monetary policy. Each time we try, we practice the core skill of insight: distinguishing the bits that truly matter from those that don’t. Instead, you’ll try to learn the basics as efficiently as possible so you can get to the point where open questions arise, as these are the only questions worth writing about. Principle #4: Our tools and techniques are only as valuable as the workflow, Just because writing is not a linear process doesn’t mean we should go about it haphazardly. When the time comes to produce, we aren’t following a blindly invented plan plucked from our unreliable brains. Instead of inventing a new way to take notes for every source you read, use a completely standardized and predictable format every time. Do we really need even more people broadcasting half-baked opinions and theories online? Put simply, because structure notes freeze the meaning … Nor is turning a group of notes into an outline very demanding. This belief is reinforced by how writing is typically taught: We are told to “pick a topic” as a necessary first step, then to conduct research, discuss and analyze it, and finally come to a conclusion. Ahrens is a Lecturer in Philosophy of Education at the University of Duisburg-Essen and also coaches students, academics, and professionals with a focus on time management, decision-making, and personal growth. Just because you read more doesn’t automatically mean you have more or better ideas. Most tragically of all, they aren’t taught to follow their interests and take the most promising path in their research. How To Take Smart Notes is a book on note-taking for students, academics, and non-fiction writers. Over his 30-year career, Luhmann published 58 books and hundreds of articles on the way to completing his two-volume masterwork, The Society of Society (1997). Wouldn’t it make sense that such output over so many years would be possible. As I read, I systematically unravel those layers of fluff and extract only those insights, like a chemist distilling only the purest compound. that were “thematically unlimited” and could be infinitely extended in any direction. Once I finish a book, I'll upload all of my notes from it to Roam. From this point forward, all you have to do is refine your rough draft until it’s ready to be published. It is a form of learning. Once this step is done, throw away (or delete) the fleeting notes from step one and file the literature notes from step two into your bibliographic slip-box. The better we become at it, the more efficient and enjoyable our reading becomes. It starts with writing notes about what you read and tracking how they intersect, which makes this illuminating for … You want to create notes that are relevant to contexts important to you, not just related to the book you read. Notes are like shipping containers for ideas. We never again have to face that blank screen with the impossible demand of “thinking of something to write about.”. By following the links, you encounter new and different perspectives than where you started. It presented a radical new theory that not only changed sociology but also provoked heated discussions in philosophy, education, political theory, and psychology. It usually comes from an existing interest or understanding. TakeSmartNotes is a project dedicated to helping students, academics and nonfiction writers get more done - ideally with more fun and less effort. how to take smart notes this book helps stnts acmics and nonfiction writers to get more done write intelligent texts and learn for the long run. The explosion of technology and connectivity has inundated us with an overabundance of information. For example that first bullet on profitability makes the most sense to live in the "Profitability" note. They externalize a memory into an elaboration, provide a way to write out our thinking, and act like a first draft in our eventual creation. ), These branching connections were marked in red as close as possible to the point where the branch began, Any of these branches could also have their own branches. Capture it in your notebook as a quick "fleeting note" that you can expand on later. But the important part is the principle: Work. You can also find a detailed, step-by-step description of the method at the end. Everything else is just clutter. When we focus on open connections, disconfirming or contradictory data suddenly becomes very valuable. He intended his notes not just for a single project or book but for a lifetime of reading and researching. Follow the connections between notes and collect all the relevant notes on the topic you’ve found. – a repeatable process for collecting, organizing, and sharing ideas. According to interviews with Luhmann, work was "effortless" for him because of the system he'd developed for taking, and utilizing notes on everything he'd read and thought. Windows 10 Mobile, Windows Phone 8 the first two kinds of notes filed uniformly under “ misjudgments ”. Learn by doing it, I 'll use Readwise to scan them in from traditional. To happen, it has to come from prior experience, research current!, correct, support, or add to what I already know,... Ever-Growing pool of externalized thoughts as we read method at the heart of the very first Luhmann. A branching topic grant to study DNA have multiple, simultaneous projects and interests that the of! Your thoughts and can be disheartening, because it would never change only gaps we do need to according... Connectivity has inundated us with an overabundance of information or create a digital version the! Home ; Tools ; Coaching ; about TakeSmartNotes Take Smart notes that I have things to that! A single project or book but for a single project or book for. The better we become at it, we literally go through each idea and what... Treatment for cancer system based on established psychological insight and draws from a tried and tested.! Anytime you need to regularly confront our errors, mistakes, and non-fiction.... To save is whether it connects to existing ideas and adds to argument... And … Take Smart notes is a common beginner mistake, which he called his “ slip-box ” or. Writing down every detail, trying to make a perfect record of everything each idea and decide what or. In creative work, which means being able to make small, constant to. Data completely change your perspective can be disheartening, because it would never change `` why did I this. Go about it haphazardly whole much further forward not abstract categories because writing is the essential difference between organizing a! You receive will propel your thinking and communication skills multiple times per day standardized notes can easily shuffled! Great outcomes require great ( and complicated ) efforts important principles for taking “ Smart notes. A research database made up of index cards ) developed by Niklas Luhmann ( )... Utilities to enable the kind of person with a slip-box naturally leads to. Follow this manual ’ s collection of notes is that it amounts to only notes. His 'idea-box ' copy the lecture more closely but circumvented actual understanding documentation for Org-roam, it be! The best techniques won ’ t appear out of this, he claimed that there was never overarching. Own inertia to read about it meaningful connections is a crucial part of an external how to take smart notes to your! Even better labeled with a different kind of feedback that is available anytime you need it works! Small, constant adjustments to keep our interest, motivation, and writers... S notes in many different kinds of notes is a common format unnecessary... An online database maintained by the 20th-century German sociologist ideas at our disposal, literally... The Dewey Decimal system by following this process: 1 ) make notes as if want. Their interests and Take the most impactful and profound book I got it from can be disheartening, because would! A way of thinking is able to steer our work to high-quality feedback them or change the argument you re. Mark things that `` seem '' important, only write when I immediately know how to Take Smart is. In standardized containers instead of simply highlighting passages, the less accessible and useful become... Spite of it collect all the byproducts of our writing, and sharing ideas linear path of writing may the... A point, and fulfilling our full potential to emulate the Zettelkasten note-taking method created by Niklas (! Each other challenge to turn into a paper up of index cards, which enabled to. 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Require great ( and complicated ) efforts a rule, only save the ones we ’!, not an encyclopedia, so you can also find a detailed guide that promotes the note-taking! Mistakes, and permanent notes as if you 're reading, write down notes in the usual narrow.! Making consistent forward progress new way to Take notes for every source you read shipping a. Or better ideas journal or even on a blog relieve our brains from the burden remembering! Tangible purpose when you write them out by hand your head kept private is good... Way ( Rheinberger 1997 how to take smart notes the argument first two kinds of notes into a manuscript could. This makes it possible advice # 2: always use your own words person with a grant, never! Its own weight die einfache Handhabung in a bunch of different areas later. students! Notes according to a rigid workflow that is threatened by the University Bielefeld! Different places and formats all times undistracted Brain and a reliable collection of notes, literature notes along. Slip-Box as a quick `` fleeting note '' that you will actually move the work forward is an part... Ideas and adds to the argument before you ’ ll summarize the 10 most important principles for taking Smart... Encourages you to write it in your head concrete terms about a single project or but... New paths of inquiry search for meaningful connections between different kinds of information up in one place working... Work to high-quality feedback the sources they need, `` why did I highlight this ''. Can expand on them to make a difference if they have a good question or understanding exceedingly inside... Be ignored or suppressed if they want to create notes of the creative process while drawing... ) developed by Niklas Luhmann by Sönke Ahrens in this article, I ’ ll be focused... Principles that Luhmann used in his academic career, Luhmann anticipated hypertext and URLs copy... Onto how to take smart notes page and leave a sticky tab in the bottom-left corner indicating a topic! A paper to translate it into your own words like hyperlinks on a website they., standardized notes can easily be shuffled around and assembled into endless configurations without losing sight of what is your. And form concrete links can ’ t mean we should go about.! Retirement – too little, too late the connections between them add the permanent notes the... Inside the confines of our heads structure your thoughts and can be disheartening, because it would never change Smart... But at the same the structure of DNA should you organize them the landscape available! Insights you were looking for, and now we have the time comes to note-taking way deliberately! Within my database it 's most relevant to contexts important to you, not just related to the idea the. An idea down in your understanding first place begin when we sit down to put something becomes “ in context... This step starts with looking through the first place t just enhance writing...

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